Arcipelago AreaC

A parità di fattori la spiegazione più semplice è da preferire

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Commento al premio assegnato a Milano per l'AreaC dall'International Transport Forum

Di recente Milano ha vinto, per il progetto Area C, il prestigioso Transport Achievement Award dell'OCSE. Naturalmente la cosa è stata occasione, per la giunta Pisapia, di grande vanto.

Se però si vanno a vedere le motivazioni con cui è stato assegnato tale premio, ci si accorge che qualcosa non quadra.

Secondo l'International Transport Forum questi sarebbero i risultati raggiunti grazie all'AreaC:

A detailed analysis shows that all the objectives set have been achieved:

  • Decreasing vehicular access to the Area C: Daily vehicles entrance in Area C: 92 175. Reduction (first 24 months compared with 2011 Ecopass, the previous pollution charge Scheme): -36 723
  • Decreasing traffic congestion: -28%
  • Reducing travelling time of private transport: Variation of the speed of vehicles: +1.5 km/h in the Area C, +0.3 km/h throughout the city
  • Improving public transport networks: Increase of public transport speed during peak hours: +6.9% for buses and +4.1% for tram
  • Decreasing the demand for public space occupation for on-street parking: -10%
  • Reducing road accidents: -23.8% (-26.3 % with injured; out of Area C: 10 -11% - 2012 compared with 2011)
  • Reducing pollutant emissions caused by traffic; Less emissions of pollutants: Total PM10 -18% ; Exhaust PM10 -10%; Ammonia -42%; Nitrogen Oxides -18%; Carbon Dioxide -35%
  • Reducing the health risk related to the air pollution: Less Black Carbon (BC): -52% (Sept 2013) and -32% (Oct 2013) of BC concentration inside Area C compared to the outside Area C stations
  • Increasing the share of sustainable modes of travel: Less pollutant vehicles: - 49% (-2 400 pollutant vehicles entering every day the Area C) and More cleaner vehicles + 6.1 % (from 9.6% to 16.6% of the total vehicles)
  • Improving the quality and the attractiveness of the urban center: reuse of the parking spaces no more utilised to enhance sharing mobility systems (car sharing, bike sharing)
  • Raising funds for the development of soft mobility infrastructures: cycle lanes, pedestrian zones, 30kph zones: During the first year the incomes from Area C have been reinvested in projects for sustainable mobility: 10 million € for the strengthening of public transport in order to improve its frequency and 3 million € for the development of 2nd phase of bike-sharing system.

Discussion

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